February 7th, 2013
Meanwhile the Papal States had been taken over by the mob and declared a democratic republic. Foreign troops from France, Austria, Naples, and Spain came to the help of the Pope and restored the Papal States to him in 1850. 1850 was also the year that the Pope restored the Catholic hierarchy to England and Wales. Shortly after this, in 1854, he declared the dogma of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary.